By Yevgeny M. Primakov, Henry A. Kissinger
During this candid and sobering account, former Russian top-rated Yevgeny M. Primakov considers the threats posed by means of autonomous terrorist enterprises to foreign defense. according to his personal vast event and contacts within the center East - the place he served for years as a journalist sooner than his political occupation - he additionally examines the jobs of the Israeli-Palestinian clash and extremist Islam in investment terrorism. because the assaults of September eleven made transparent, the process overseas affairs isn't any longer formed completely by way of co-operation and disagreement between international locations. but, the best way states reply to terrorism - together with America's conflict on terror - may have a profound influence at the constitution of the foreign approach. In Primakov's view, powerful and co-ordinated responses to terrorism can restrict its effect. although, he, argues, a unilateral American method of the matter of foreign terrorism can make such co-operation tricky. during this context, Primakov explains Russian matters in regards to the US warfare in Iraq - and divulges new information of his ultimate own try and convince Saddam Hussein to step down. Primakov urges Russia and the U.S. to affix forces extra with ease to percentage info and intelligence approximately rising terrorist threats. extra greatly, he writes, if the United States is ready to paintings inside of a "multi-polar world", Russia could be a real and dependable associate. nonetheless, if the united states attempts to head it on my own, it might probably face the implications in isolation.
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Additional resources for A World Challenged: Fighting Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
Not one tree was to be toppled, not one house to be destroyed. True, the prophet showed this restraint primarily during his time in Mecca. His quarrel with the Jews started later and led to the exile of three Jewish tribes from Arabia. But there is no historical record of any bloody pogroms. Beginning in the eleventh century, Crusaders made attempts to liberate Jerusalem and to retake the nearby Holy Lands from the Muslims by fire and sword. When Jerusalem— the city where Muslims, Jews, and Christians had previously lived peaceably under Muslim rule—fell during the First Crusade, 40,000 Muslims were killed in two days.
These observations—again, based on historical fact—are not made to disparage the extremist ideas widely held among some Muslims, especially in those areas heavily involved in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Such views have their place, and it is unreasonable, if not impossible, to refute them. But these ideas are rooted less in religion than they are in politics. Disagreement with Israel’s right to exist was a reaction to the eviction of Palestinians from territory they had settled. It has no basis in the Quran, which teaches not only about Muhammad, prophet of “the one true God, Allah,” but mentions other “lesser” prophets: Isa and Musa (Jesus and Moses).
After seizing Medina, the Wahhabites defiled Muhammad’s grave. The Wahhabites were stopped in 1818, defeated by the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali on orders from the Ottoman government. But they soon reestablished themselves. Having shed many of its more puritanical and radical characteristics, Wahhabism is today the official religion of Saudi Arabia, whose rulers have become fabulously wealthy from oil. Do the home-grown followers of Wahhabism today in Chechnya and Dagestan fully understand the movement’s history and significance?
A World Challenged: Fighting Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century by Yevgeny M. Primakov, Henry A. Kissinger