By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge historical past of archaeology in the course of the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the production of associations, the conversion of the examine of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological proposal and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
In England the Royal Society was created in 1662 (Lyons 1944). However, the antiquities of individual nations were not the best looked after. Objects coming from the Roman world had priority, as well as those originating in the ancient Greek and Egyptian world. The latter two were more diYcult to obtain, given the diYculties in trespassing on the frontiers of the Ottoman Empire. Yet, some Greek and Egyptian material—mummies and ushabti Wgures among other objects—started to reach private collections such as that of the Danish physician Ole Worm, later bought for the Danish royal collection (Gundestrup 1990: 48).
Many other books deal with speciWc topics within these areas, but none oVers an inclusive view. Schnapp’s The Discovery of the Past (1993) provides a more global picture, but stops in the mid nineteenth century, just before the explosion of imperialism in the 1870s which took archaeology to every corner of the globe. While encyclopedias, such as Murray’s The Great Archaeologists (1999), still follow priorities established by Daniel (in the sense 24 Archaeology in the Nineteenth Century that English-speaking archaeologists working in the Welds mentioned above are unfairly over-represented), his Encyclopedia of Archaeology.
Some even lived in missions and religious communities. The centrality of the biblical account was shared in Egypt, Turkey, and Mesopotamia with other issues, but it was important in the work of archaeologists such as the Swiss, Edouard Naville, the Englishman, Flinders Petrie, and the Frenchman, Ernest Renan, among others. In their search for ancient civilizations the scholars from the imperial powers reached every corner of the world and explored not only relatively well-known lands such as Mexico and Peru, but also territories closed to the Europeans for centuries in the Far East, the areas covered in Chapter 7.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past by Margarita Diaz-Andreu