By B. E. Murdoch
The stimulus for scripting this e-book arose from the author's notion of an absence of accessible texts which competently combine the themes of neuroanatomy and practical neurology with the perform of speech language pathology. This notion was once won from virtually 20 years of educating within the components of neuroanatomy and purchased neuro logical speech-language problems to speech pathology scholars firstly on the South Australian collage of complex schooling and, for the previous 5 years, on the college of Queensland. even if a plethora of good texts dedicated particularly to every of the themes of neuroanatomy, neurology and aphasiology were released, few have attemped to combine those person topic components in this kind of manner as to supply a extra transparent knowing of the neurological bases of clinically famous sorts of aphasia and motor speech problems. In penning this textual content, i've got tried to supply a greater stability among neuroanatomy-neurology and. speech-language pathology. proper components of neuroanatomy and neurology are brought and mentioned within the context of particular speech and language problems. during this approach, i've got geared toward supplying a greater hyperlink among the appropriate neuroanatomical and neurological wisdom at the one hand, and particular neurologically dependent communique issues at the different, for you to improve the reader's figuring out of the origins, direction and analysis of those problems. in fact the writing of any ebook calls for the help and encouragement of different humans. this article used to be no exception.
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Extra resources for Acquired Speech and Language Disorders: A neuroanatomical and functional neurological approach
11). 13. Each cerebral peduncle is divided internally into an anterior part, the crus cerebri, and a posterior part, the tegmentum, by a pigmented band of grey matter called the substantia nigra. The crus cerebri consists of fibres of the pyramidal motor system (see Chapter 8) *By convention, cranial nerves are given Roman numerals, see p. 30. The central nervous system 23 (including cortico-spinal, cortico-bulbar and cortico-mesencephalic fibres) as well as fibres which connect the cerebral cortex to the pons (cortico-pontine fibres).
The cerebral blood vessels are adherent to the external surface of the pia mater. Unlike the other two membranes, it dips down into the invaginations of all the sulci of the brain and closely follows the convolutions of the gyri. The pia mater together with the arachnoid are known as the leptomeninges. Inflammation of the meninges is called meningitis which most often involves the leptomeninges. In head injuries (see Chapter 4) bleeding may occur into the subarachnoid space (sub-arachnoid haemorrhage), into the sub-dural space (sub-dural haemorrhage) and between the outer dura mater and the skull (extra-dural haemorrhage).
Subsequent authors have modified and extended this area to include a greater part of the temporal lobe and parts of the parietal lobe. Currently most descriptions of the posterior speechlanguage area include within its boundaries the lower half of the postcentral gyrus, the supra-marginal and angular gyri, the inferior parietal gyrus and the upper part of the temporal lobe, including parts of the superior and second temporal gyri and Wernicke's area. In the majority of people (approximately 96%) the language areas are located in the left cerebral hemisphere.
Acquired Speech and Language Disorders: A neuroanatomical and functional neurological approach by B. E. Murdoch